Vol. 6, No.4, December 2022, 7-28Received: 05.09.2022, Revised: 11.10.2022, Revised: 03.12.2022, Accepted: 19.12.2022
Attitudes towards the risks of climate change: contributions from a Chilean exploratory case study
Authors: Bárbara ORMEÑO CORONADO, Natalia ROMERO HERNÁNDEZ, Lisbeth SIMÓN ORTIZ
University of Santiago of Chile, Chile
Aim: The alteration of the planetary climate, mainly because of human activity, could trigger ecological, economic, and social impacts capable of disrupting the forms of life on the planet. In this context, the influence of psychosocial factors on the environmental awareness and the way in which these factors can for support pro-environmental behaviors is researched on the example of students from a Chilean university.
Design / Research methods: Transactional exploratory mixed research. Bibliographic review and application of a survey to the community of a Chilean university (n=134). The process consisted mainly of two stages: (1) literature review and (2) survey application.
Conclusions / Findings: The reviewed authors agree that people exhibit pro-environmental behaviors when they are sufficiently informed about environmental problems, have a favorable attitude towards them and can generate effective qualitative changes that do not cause significant difficulties later on. The results of the survey applied to the university sample show that the respondents can perceive the damage of global warming and have pro-environmental behaviors in greater proportion compared to the bibliographic data reviewed. The results are exploratory; however, they provide a focus for future research in this context.Originality / Value of the article: This article offers an updated perspective on perceptions in relation to climate change and pro-environmental behaviors, based on the case study. Additionally, it offers a proposal for the intervention of university educational plans.
Key words: global warming, pro-environmental behaviors, society, sustainability
JEL: I23, Q01, O44
Vol. 6, No.4, December 2022, 29-59Received: 04.08.2022, Revised: 10.10.2022, Revised: 12.12.2022, Accepted: 19.12.2022
The impact of currency devaluation on non-oil exports in Africa
Authors: David UMORU, Fabius Oshiotse IMIMOLE
Edo State University, Nigeria
Aim: This study assesses how devaluation in official exchange rate and change in relative prices influenced non-oil export in African countries for the period of 30 years (1991-2020) in 11 African countries (Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Eswatini, Mauritius, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Uganda).
Design/Research methods: This study utilized different estimators namely Mean Group, Pooled Mean Group as well as dynamic panel GMM methods. The major advantage of the MG estimator is that it is reliably efficient even in presence of weak cross-sectional dependence of the errors by estimating separate regressions to calculate coefficient means. Moreover, it applicability knows no bounds even when estimator for each individual country is weakly cross correlated. With a PMG estimator, a large scale individual panel heterogeneity in short-run responses is accommodated given homogenous long-run relations across countries.
Findings: The results of the panel co-integration suggest a long-run equilibrating relation amongst the variables in the study. This was validated on the basis of absolute t-value of 5.0781under the t-bound. Our results for both MG and PMG estimators show significant negative devaluation and relative prices effects on non-oil exports in 11 African countries. The dynamic panel GMM results are robust and in agreement with the estimates of MG and PMG. From the results of cross-sectional analysis by country, results for countries revealed exchange rate devaluation had negative and significant impact on non-oil exports. Consequently, depreciation of the exchange rate has a short-run adverse effect on non-oil export due to high inelastic import dependence. Similarly, with exemption of Rwanda, and South Africa, the relative price effect was negatively significant for every other country in the study.
Originality: The originality is based on fact that the paper establishes both static and dynamic responses of non-oil export to devaluation in official exchange rate, relative prices, and foreign capital from trading partners in 11 African countries.
Limitations: It would be desirable to study 30 countries in Africa. We could not proceed with all countries due to inaccessibility of relevant data. Hence, caution should be taken in generalizing our findings.
Key words: : exchange rate devaluation, relative prices, foreign capital, panel ARDL, African countries
JEL: C33, F13, F21
Vol. 6, No.4, December 2022, 61-90
Received: 01.12.2022, Revised: 11.12.2022, Accepted: 13.12.2022
Calling for ‘The New Cultural Normal’: Learning from intra-company biculturalism
Authors: Lisa TRAN
University of Groningen, The Netherlands, Newcastle University Business School, UK
Bartjan J.W. PENNINK
University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Aim: This research aims to understand the value of individuals having several inherent cultures and explore their specific needs and skills to improve managing cultural challenges in the work environment. The emerging conceptual framework of reaching ‘The New Cultural Normal’ demonstrates opportunities for dealing with cross-cultural situations not only internationally but especially intra-national.
Design / Research methods: Based on insights and narratives of bicultural employees collected through 18 interviews, several vital categories emerged followed by the attribution of each to a corporate setting and considering which has the most substantial influence on that category. As biculturalism is an extreme form of coping with cultural diversity, the interviewees represent vital experts in coping with culturally diverse challenges.
Conclusion / Findings: The emerging concept of reaching ‘The New Cultural Normal’ describes the process of attaining the status of full integration of biculturalism among organizations. It will help each corporate setting level, defined as bicultural employees, colleagues, supervisors, and the company, to enhance their awareness of dealing with cross-cultural situations.
Originality / value of the article: This study provides a beneficial starting tool for shaping the future workplace where more inclusion and contentment will lead to qualitative improved team outcomes thus increasing corporate performance and can even result in long-term societal changes.
Key words: Cultural Diversity, Biculturalism, Intra-national, Cross-cultural Management, Work Place Integration, Organization
JEL: M14, M16
Vol. 6, No.4, December 2022, 91-92
Call for Papers
9th Multinational Energy and Value Conference ESG in the Energy Sector