Author Guidelines

Editorial requirements

Text: the complete text of articles should be uploaded in the Open Journal System ( in electronic form using the CEREM FORMAT (download here) in editable *.doc format).

For the aim of blind double-peer-review, the article file should not contain personal data. The personal data should be uploaded separately.

Text layout: title, abstract (see description of structure below), keywords, maximum 8, according to the JEL classification (check here), introduction, main text, conclusion, bibliography.

 The structured abstract

CEREM introduced the structured abstract for the following reasons. It provides readers and researchers with quicker access to the most relevant articles. It facilitates selection of relevant articles for research, and increases the speed of literature search. This supports the dissemination of the research, and increases the probability that it is read by a wider public. It facilitates the assessment of relevance of the research by the editorial board.

By exposing the originality and practical implications, we try to support the social value of research, as it shows its relevance for society.

The abstract (max. 250 words) should contain the following elements: aim, research methods, conclusions, originality / value of the article, implications of the research (if applicable), limitations of the research (if applicable).

Aim: The author(s) should shortly explain the reason or motivation for taking up the research problem (why is the topic important?), and what is the objective or aim of the research. The aim should be clearly formulated, and be specific enough to be achieved within the range of the paper.

Design / Research methods: The authors should clearly explain the way in which the aim or objective is achieved. The main research methods as well as the approach to the research should be provided that enable effective dealing with the paper’s aim..

Conclusions / findings: What are the main results of the research? The authors should refer to the analysis, discussion or results of the paper in order to show the main findings.

Originality / value of the article: Within the context of the current state of the art in science, what is new or what is the scientific value added of the paper? For whom would the paper be of interest?

Implications of the research (if applicable): How and to what extent can the results of the research be applied to practice? What are the consequences of application of the findings of the research to practice?

Limitations of the research  (if applicable): Does the research imply directions or suggestions for future research? What are the limitations of the research methods used? What are the limitations of the implications of the research findings?

Bibliographical note: Name and surname of the author(s), affiliation. E-mail, postal address.

Length of article: As we welcome innovative contributions, there is no maximum amount of words. As a general guideline, articles should be between 5,000 and 15,000 words (bibliography included).


Main text – please use the CEREM FORMAT

  • Font – Text -Times New Roman 11; Abstract and bibliography – Times New Roman 9.
  • Line spacing – 1.3 points.
  • Highlighting in text – semi-bold.
  • Foreign words – in italics.
  • Abbreviations – the first time the full term should be given together with the abbreviation in brackets; afterwards only the abbreviation should be given. Example: value added tax (VAT).
  • Numbers with 4 or more digits – a comma should be used (e.g., 5,000; 50,000; 500,000 etc.).
  • Decimal numbers – a decimal point (dot) should be used (e.g., 0.51 instead of 0,51).


  • Placed in quotation marks, no italics, accurately reproduced.
  • Any omission of a passage in the quoted text should be marked by square brackets: […].
  • Inclusions by the author(s) to quotations in brackets – the initials of the author(s) should be given at the end: [included by X.Y.].


Harvard style (in the text in brackets).

Any reference in the text should include the author’s name, year of publication and relevant pages, e.g.: (Michalewicz 2001: 35-41). In the case of two authors, they have to be listed as follows: (Pioterek, Zieleniecka 2004: 45-51). In a situation where there are more than two authors, the lead author should be mentioned, followed by „et al.”, e.g.,: (Nowak et al., 2012: 48-66).


  • Illustrations (drawings, charts, diagrams) should be editable, and be in black-white (no other colours!).
  • Drawings, charts and diagrams – in source files (* xls and * .cdr), pictures – in source files (preferably * tif), resolution min. 300 dpi.
  • Illustrations should be numbered, with a title (above the illustration, Times New Roman 11) and source (under the illustration).
  • Please do not use subtitles: semi-bold, capitals letter, white on a black background, black fillings, additional frames
  • The author should refer to all the illustrations in the text (e.g., see. Fig. 1)
  • Abbreviations have to be defined in a note under the illustration


  • Should be numbered, with a title (above the illustration, Times New Roman 11) and source (under the table, Times New Roman 9)
  • The author should refer to the table in the text (e.g., see. Tab. 1) as close as possible to the table
  • Contents of table – font Times New Roman 9, line spacing 1.0 points
  • Abbreviations have to be defined in a note under the table

Mathematical equations

  • Prepared in Microsoft Equation 3.0.
  • Appropriately written powers and indices.
  • Variables – in italics, numbers – normal font.
  • Multiplication sign: · or × (no asterisks).
  • Spelling of units – according to the SI system.
  • All symbols should be explained under the formula.


  • No numeration.
  • In alphabetical order according firstly to the surname of first authors and then to the titles of joint publications.
  • Titles in a foreign language should be translated into English, between brackets after the original title.

a) books and edited volumes:

One or more autors:

Pioterek P., Zieleniecka B. (2004), How to write an MA thesis, 3rd edition, WSB publishing house in Poznan, Poznań.

Edited volumes / joint publications:

Oziewicz E. (ed.) (2006), Transformations in the modern world economy, PWE, Warsaw.

Articles of chapters in edited volumes / joint publications:

Michalewicz A. (2001), Logistic systems supporting logistic distribution, in: Logistics distribution, ed. Rutkowski K., Difin, Warsaw, pp. 102-123.

b) articles in journals or newspapers:

Strzyżewska K. (2008), Supply management, „Logistyka a Jakość”, vol. 5 no. 3-4, pp. 31-42.

Orłowski W. (2008), Wielki wybuch, czyli giełdy w panice (Big explosion, or panic on the stock market), „Gazeta Wyborcza”, 13 October 2008, p.

c) material obtained from the internet or electronic databases (the complete data of websites and date of access should be given in brackets)

Arndt H. (1998), Globalisation, „Pacific Economic Paper”, no. 27, [17.05.2008]. Portal wiedzy ekonomicznej ( Portal of economic knowledge) [CD-ROM] (2005), edycja Banknot, NBP, Warsaw.

d) unpublished sources:

Balicki W. (2003), Bezrobocie a długookresowa stagnacja transformacyjna (Unemployment and long-term transformational stagnation) [unpublished work].

e) legal acts

Ustawa z dnia 8 marca 1990 r. o samorządzie gminnym (Act of 8 March 1990 on The Local Government), Official Journal 2001, no. 142, item 1591.

Ustawa z dnia 19 listopada 1999 r. Prawo działalności gospodarczej (The Act of 19 November 1999 on the Law on economic activity, Official Journal, no. 101, item. 1178, as amended.

In the case of multiple authorship, the contributions of each individual author to the article should be described using the form available from the following link (check here).

Reviewing process

Articles submitted for publication in CEREM are assessed by the editorial team on compliance with the focus and scope of the journal and the editorial requirements (abstract, keywords, bibliography, JEL codes, etc.). When these criteria are fulfilled, the article is send for double-blind-peer review to at least two reviewers. These reviewers’ specialization is in accordance with the focus of the article submitted. The reviewers are not affiliated with the author(s), and in principle at least one reviewer is from another country than the author(s). The reviewers should do the review within a month after

Publication fees

There are no publication fees. The policy of CEREM is to support a free flow of scientific information through open access.

Copyright and access

The articles published in CEREM are available on the website as individual PDF, or in the form of a complete issue.

The articles are open access under the Creative Commons –  CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 PL (


Publication ethics

  • All article authors are co-responsible for good scientific practice.
  • The work should be original with proper citations.
  • The work should not have been published previously somewhere else, or is not under consideration for publication somewhere else.
  • All interests which could lead to biases in the article should be expressed (e.g., grants, funding, connection with the subject of research).
  • In case of empirical research, the data should be presented in an applicableway and be accessible on request to the authors in order to make replication possible. Raw empirical data should be available during the reviewing process on request.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Copyright Notice

The aim of CEREM is to make scientific work available in accordance with the principle of open access. The rules mentioned below are important, as they enable CEREM and its publisher, the WSB University in Wrocław, to distribute the scientific work to a wide public while complying with specific legal requirements, at the same time protecting the rights of the authors.

The author transfers to the WSB University in Wrocław, free of charge and without territorial limitations, with all proprietary copyrights to the said piece of work in the understanding of the act of 4th February 1994 on copyrights and derivative rights (Journal of Laws of 1994, no. 24, item 83, as amended) on an exclusivity basis, i.e. the rights to:

  1. Make the piece of work in question available via the Digital Library established by the WSB University in Wrocław.
  2. Produce, record and reproduce in multiple copies the piece of work using any techniques whatsoever, including printing, reprography, magnetic recording and digital processing, and particularly its reproduction by recording on CDs and similar data carriers,
  3. Use fragments of the piece of work for promotional purposes in publications, promotional materials, the Internet and Intranet type networks managed by the WSB University in Wrocław.
  4. Store the piece of work into computer databases managed by the WSB University in Wrocław.
  5. Copy and reproduce the piece of work using photo-mechanic technologies other than those commonly known at the time of the signature hereof (photocopies, Xerox copies etc.),
  6. Process the piece of work, transferring it into an electronic form, and distribute it on the Internet without limitations.

 Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered when submitting the article to CEREM will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

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ISSN 1643-7772
eISSN 2392-1153